5 common shark myths busted

Despite what you may have seen in movies such as Jaws, sharks are not the mindless killing machines that their on-screen portrayals suggest. In fact, there are several common misconceptions about sharks, making them on of the most misunderstood creatures on the … Continued


Girl with umbrella in the rain

Earth’s water cycle: Why does it rain?

Rain is defined as liquid precipitation. It is formed high above the ground in clouds by water vapour coming together into large droplets that become too heavy for the air to support. Gatherings of condensed water vapour are called clouds, and … Continued


Shark Week: 5 Questions with a Shark Champion

How It Works spoke to Richard Peirce, chairman of the Shark Trust, about sharks, their behaviour around humans and how many species are becoming increasingly endangered. The Shark Trust is a registered UK charity that’s dedicated to the conservation of … Continued


Shark Week: 25 fascinating questions about sharks answered

It’s Shark Week and we’re celebrating the incredible world of the shark. Not sea monsters as they’re often portrayed in film, but the remarkable and intelligent species with many unique and surprising skills. Scroll down to find the answers to … Continued


Shark Week: How to draw a great white shark

Shark week is here and our sister magazine World of Animals is celebrating by showing you how to create a great white shark in your very own home. While it takes 15 years for a great white to reach full … Continued


Shark Week: Sharks, the most misunderstood species on Earth?

Nearly every shark stereotype is wrong. They aren’t primitive animals, they aren’t mindless killing machines and they don’t prey on humans. Sharks are elasmobranchs, meaning that they are fish that have cartilage skeletons instead of bones. Far from being an evolutionary … Continued

Flock of birds

Why do birds flock together?

Watching as a massive collection of birds float across the sky like an unpredictable wave, it’s difficult to comprehend how birds can fly in formation without the aid of the high- tech location equipment used by aerobatic teams like the … Continued

What causes a double rainbow?

What causes a double rainbow?

A single rainbow is a beautiful sight to behold, but a double rainbow is even more rare and spectacular. You may have been lucky enough to see one first-hand, but if not, then you can witness the double rainbow’s awe-inspiring effects in Yosemitebear62’s infamous … Continued

camel mother baby

Why do camels have humps?

Many people believe that camels use their humps as big water storage tanks to ensure that they have plenty to drink during their longs treks across the desert. However, this isn’t the case. Their humps are actually used to store … Continued


Why do albino animals have red eyes?

Eye colour is determined primarily by the brown pigment melanin. Dark eyes have lots of melanin in the iris. Blue eyes only have melanin in a layer on the back surface; this absorbs long wavelengths of light and blue wavelengths get scattered back by the … Continued


How do deer know it’s rutting season?

Rutting season has evolved to ensure that young deer are born in spring when there is more new grass available for lactating mothers. This means the timing of the rut is different, depending on the gestation period of each species. But the trigger … Continued

Amazing sea view from the Great Ocean Road, Australia

5 things you should know about the ocean

You have, almost certainly, eaten from it, admired its inhabitants, dived beneath it or sailed upon it. With today marking World Oceans Day, it’s a good time to appreciate the earth’s life support system as well as the role we … Continued

Cows in a field. How a dairy farm works

Inside the milk machine: How a dairy farm works

When you pick up a pint of milk from the shop, you probably don’t consider how it got there. Of course, we all know that milk comes from cows, but what about the hard work that goes into raising, feeding and … Continued


What is the woolly bear moth?

There is a moth in the Canadian Arctic that, until recently, was thought to live for 14 years as a larva – the arctic woolly bear moth. (Its development was filmed for the BBC series Frozen Planet.) The summers there … Continued


Top 5 Facts: Elephants

Elephants are the largest land animals in the world, with African males averaging five tons. They have evolved to this huge size to protect themselves from predators but almost everything that makes an elephant unique is a consequence of this bulk. … Continued


Why do sharks go into a tonic state when flipped over?

Many animals are capable of entering a trancelike state called tonic immobility whereby they appear dead to their surroundings. In the case of sharks it has been observed on many different species such as the lemon shark, reef shark and tiger … Continued


How do stingrays eat?

Stingrays, like other members of the ray family, are bottom feeders. They are related to sharks but they don’t have sharp teeth. Depending on the species, they may either have two hard plates for crushing shellfish or just sucking mouthparts. Stingrays … Continued


How can you tell if a mushroom is poisonous?

There are many different types of mushroom, so without getting a good grasp of individual kinds of mushroom it would be difficult to say whether they are poisonous or not. A general rule would be to never consume a mushroom … Continued


Top 5 Facts: Rainforest

1) Percentage power Scientists believe up to 75 per cent of the Earth’s species are indigenous to the rainforests. Despite this stunning figure, it is also postulated that millions have yet to be discovered. 2) Parrots-et-em-all The rainforests are also … Continued

Waterfall in Luang Prabang, Laos

How do waterfalls form?

They are one of the most spectacular and majestic sites in nature, but how do waterfalls form? Find out in just 30 seconds with our simple explanation, complete with illustrations! Find the answer to more baffling questions in How It Works magazine. … Continued

Earth illustration

Top 5 Facts: Earth’s axis and tides

1) Day and night During Earth’s year-long orbit round the Sun, it also rotates once a day round its axis, an imaginary line passing through the North and South Poles, creating day and night. 2) The seasons Earth’s axis tilts at … Continued

Duck-billed platypus

Why do some mammals lay eggs?

Mammals such as the duck-billed platypus continue to lay eggs, but they actually never really stopped. Mammals began to evolve from egg-laying reptiles around 200 million years ago. An example of an early mammal-like reptile is Thrinaxodon. About 180 million … Continued


Why are butterflies born as caterpillars, not butterflies?

Nature has given butterflies the best adaptations, not only for their survival, but also for the survival of other forms of life that depend on them. Butterflies pass through a four-stage life cycle: egg, caterpillar, chrysalis and butterfly. The caterpillar is … Continued

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