How It Works

How do chemical bonds work?

To understand the types of chemical bonding, we should first consider what the atoms of our universe are made of. To do this, we can use a simplified analogy of atomic structure by picturing an atom as a star being orbited by planets. The nucleus is the star, which is formed of positively charged protons and neutrons that have no charge. Negatively charged electrons are the orbiting planets. In an atom’s native form the number of electrons and protons are equal, which gives the atom a neutral charge overall. But other atoms are also attracted to these electrons, and when they’re shared or stolen, a chemical bond is the result.

Types of Bonding

How chemicals are bound together is largely dependent on how they share their electrons.

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