How It Works
John Rutledge, Edmund Randolph, Nathaniel Gorham, Oliver Ellsworth, James Wilson, US Constitution, Bill of Rights, 17 September 1787, Philadelphia Convention, 21 June 1788

US Constitution facts

John Rutledge, Edmund Randolph, Nathaniel Gorham, Oliver Ellsworth, James Wilson, US Constitution, Bill of Rights, 17 September 1787, Philadelphia Convention, 21 June 1788
  • The US Constitution was drafted by John Rutledge, Edmund Randolph, Nathaniel Gorham, Oliver Ellsworth and James Wilson.
  • It was presented and agreed on 17 September 1787.
  • The Constitution was signed by 39 delegates of the Philadelphia Convention.
  • The US Constitution consists of seven articles and is followed by 27 later amendments.
  • It was ratified on 21 June 1788 before coming into force in 1789.
  • Article One: Concerns Congress and how senators are elected to the regulatory body.
  • Article Two: Powers and role of the president of the United States.
  • Article Three: Relates to legal issues and the court system. Creates the Supreme Court.
  • Article Four: Explains how the states are governed and borders changed.
  • Article Five: This article allows the Constitution to be amended, setting out the rules for this action.
  • Article Six: Marks the Constitution as the supreme law of the land.
  • Article Seven: Sets out how to establish the Constitution as a document by which the country is governed.
  • Amendments one to ten are known as the Bill of Rights, while number 13 to 15 are the Reconstruction Amendments.