Skin illustration
Science

Top 5 Facts: Skin

1) Bacteria thrive on human skin Every square inch of skin has an average of 32 million bacteria on it… no matter how many baths or showers you have a day! 2) You shed skin every day Every 24 hours, you … Continued

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History

Which dinosaurs lived in Britain 70 million years ago?

Only two dinosaurs are known to have been in Britain 70 million years ago from the available evidence. Incomplete remains of an armoured dinosaur (ankylosaur) called acanthopholis and a single tooth of a duck-billed dinosaur (hadrosaur), were both found within … Continued

Butterfly
Environment

Why are butterflies born as caterpillars, not butterflies?

Nature has given butterflies the best adaptations, not only for their survival, but also for the survival of other forms of life that depend on them. Butterflies pass through a four-stage life cycle: egg, caterpillar, chrysalis and butterfly. The caterpillar is … Continued

A close-up shot of a puppy chewing on a stick. Shot using natural lighting.
History

How did so many species of dog evolve from wolves?

People began to domesticate wolves at least 12,000 years ago, and probably in several parts of the world. Wolves would have been attracted to stone-age human encampments by food, and by taking in and bringing up puppies people found they … Continued

Clock
Science

How to cope with the clock change

On Sunday 29 March the clocks go forward by an hour, meaning we lose an hour of sleep. This can throw the circadian rhythms that control your body clock out of sync, making it difficult to get up at your usual … Continued

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News

New Great Days Out app available now

The UK is littered with thousands of exciting and educational places to visit. These include amazing museums, national parks, English Heritage sites, railways and cathedrals, which would all make excellent venues for a family day out. At How It Works, … Continued

ReCon 6.0 Programmable Rover
Quiz

How It Works Issue 71 quiz

Win your very own ReCon 6.0 Programmable Rover by answering just one simple question based on the latest issue of How It Works magazine! The ReCon 6.0 is not only your very own robot companion, but it can also help you learn programming. An illustrated … Continued

vaccine
Science

How do inoculations work?

The term inoculation and vaccination are used interchangeably. They involve introducing a foreign substance (antigens) into the body, causing antibody production. These can either be dead, made less harmful, or just contain certain bits that cause disease. White blood cells … Continued

Moon
Space

Top 5 Facts: The Moon

1) Nobody owns it There are US flags and Soviet pennants on the Moon but they are purely symbolic. The Outer Space Treaty gives the Moon the same status as international waters. 2) Man in the Moon The stark contrasts … Continued

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Science

Home science experiments: how to create a rainbow

It’s British Science Week, and here at How It Works we’re celebrating by showing you some of our favourite science experiments that you can try at home. Here’s what you’ll need to make a rainbow for yourself. Checklist: Glass of water Cardboard Scissors … Continued

DIY crystals
News

Home science experiments: Grow your own crystals

It’s British Science Week, and here at How It Works we’re celebrating by showing you some of our favourite science experiments that you can try at home. Here’s how you can grow your own crystals using just salt and water! You will need: 75g … Continued

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Science

Home science experiments: How to bend water

It’s British Science Week, and here at How It Works we’re celebrating by showing you some of our favourite science experiments that you can try at home. Here’s how you can bend water with a clever experiment you can easily in … Continued

Solar eclipse
Space

Solar eclipse 2015: The facts you need to know

On 20 March, the UK will experience one of nature’s most amazing spectacles, a solar eclipse. This happens when the Moon moves in front of the Sun for a few minutes, blocking its light and underneath the Moon’s shadow darkness falls. … Continued

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Science

Home science experiments: How to make a catapult

It’s British Science Week, and here at How It Works we’re celebrating by showing you some of our favourite science experiments that you can try at home. Here’s how you can make your very own home made catapult with four simple … Continued

Home made magnet
Science

Home science experiments: How to make a magnet

It’s British Science Week, and here at How It Works we’re celebrating by showing you some of our favourite science experiments that you can try at home. Here’s how you can create your own electromagnet from the contents of a toolbox! … Continued

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Magazine Issues

Learn how life’s building blocks shape our world

Every one of us is made up of a number of different elements. They are responsible for the construction of all matter, not just our bodies. Whether you want to learn more about fundamental elements such as carbon and hydrogen, … Continued

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Environment

What is the wind chill factor?

The human body loses heat in a number of ways including conduction and convection. Conduction is heat transferred between two areas of matter and convection occurs within fluids and gases like air. These two combine when we lose our heat … Continued

Earth
Environment

Top 5 Facts: Climate change

1) Warming up Average global temperatures increased by 0.85°C (1.53°F) between 1880 and 2012, and that figure is likely to reach 1.5°C (2.7°F) by the end of this century. 2) Sea levels The global average sea level rose by 19cm … Continued

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