Charles Wheatstone and Fox Talbot worked together on stereo photography, which enabled pairs of identical images to be combined and viewed in 3D with glasses.
The introduction of small portable cameras, imaging only in 2D but easy to use, rapidly reduced the popularity of stereo photography, sending 3D imagery into obscurity.
3D-mania struck again when colour camera film and a new stereo camera allowed comic books, movies and pictures to all be produced in the exciting third dimension.
Interest in 3D waned once more with the commercial success of compact cameras like the colour Polaroid, with 3D cameras remaining less portable and needing glasses.
The release of the Fujifilm FinePix camera brings compact 3D cameras into the modern age, allowing images to be viewed in 3D without the need for special glasses.